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Spanish romantic painter and printmaker Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes was born in 1828. His works reflect the upheavals in contemporary history and have influenced important 20th-century artists. The paintings and prints of this renowned artist are considered to be some of the best in the world. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest painters of the 18th century. His work is considered to be an excellent representation of the human condition, and reflects the complex psychological states that shaped the Spanish state.

Before the birth of his son in 1746, Francisco Goya's life was a difficult one. He was the son of a gilder and an impoverished noble family. His parents were Jose Francisco de Paula and Gracia Lucientes. The couple had three children, but he was unable to support them and was a troubled youth. In 1762, Goya began an apprenticeship with the unremarkable painter Jose Luzan. The duo traveled to Italy in 1770 and stayed there for a year. In June, he settled in Saragossa and completed his first religious commission.

The late period of Goya's life culminated in his series of "Black Paintings" in the years between 1819 and 1823. During this time, the artist lived in almost complete isolation and abandoned Spain to continue his career in Bordeaux. Leocadia Weiss, his maid, may not have been his lover, accompanied him to his new life in France. In Bordeaux, he completed the series known as La Tauromaquia.

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