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The Houston Museum District contains the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, which is one of the largest museums in the United States. It is also among the twelve largest in the world, based on gallery space. It is a great place to learn about various types of art, such as Western and Japanese painting. The Houston Gallery of Natural History and Modern Art exhibits a wide range of works by local and international artists. Visitors to the museum are able to learn about the history of the area and its natural and man-made environments.

The gallery received its name when prominent Houston families gave its first collection of oil paintings. In the early 1930s, Annette Finnigan began contributing antiquities. The museum received an impressive gift of avant-garde European prints from the famed artist Frederic Remington. The museum's Southwest Native American collection came in the 1940s, thanks to the generosity of Edith and Percy Straus. The Beck family's gift was the largest single contribution to the Houston Gallery of Fine Art, which has more than one million objects in its permanent collection.

In the early years, the museum was limited to oil paintings by local artists. In the early 1920s, the gallery opened its doors with an initial collection of oil paintings by Charles Hoover. During the 1930s and 1940s, it continued to receive donations of art, including prints, drawings, and antiquities. In the late thirties, Ima Hogg donated a collection of avant-garde European prints by Frederic Remington. In 1944, she gave the Houston Gallery of Fine Arts a Southwest Native American collection. In 1944, Edith and Percy Straus left the Houston Museum of the Arts a bequest of eighty works from their collection.

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