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Jean-Marc Nattier (1769-1830) was a French painter and artist. He was the son of the famous French artist Marc Nattier. Besides his work as a portrait and miniaturist painter, he was best known for his paintings of mythological-dressed ladies from the court of King Louis XV. In his works, he depicted the mythological creatures that he had read about in mythology.

During the Regency, Nattier flourished and was soon elected to the Academy of Fine Arts. After his appointment to Saint Petersburg, he returned to Paris. In 1720, he became an academician. He painted the famous portrait of the Dauphin and later became a painter of artificial ladies for the Louis XV court. Despite this, history painting was never his specialty. Many of his pictures are found in public collections in France.

The Medici family suffered financial ruin when Louis XV's court collapsed. After the 1730s, Nattier turned to portraiture, which proved to be more profitable. He painted four daughters of Louis XV and took Madame de Pompadour as his official mistress. In the process, he also revived the genre known as the allegorical portrait, which depicts a living person as a mythological figure.

By the mid-1750s, Jean-Marc Nattier's reputation was deteriorating. He had to make his way back to France, and his submissions to the Salon of 1755 were deemed pretentious and unworthy. The Duchess of Parma, who died at age five, had her portrait painted by Nattier. The painting of her daughter, Marie-Zéphirine, was a great success for the artist and helped him get back on track.

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