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Italian Renaissance painter Titian (also known as Vecellio) was one of the most prominent artists of the 16th century. He was born in the town of Pieve di Cadore, near Belluno, and was often referred to as 'da Cadore', which was short for Cadore. The name is a combination of two words: "da" and "Cadore". His style of painting was highly influenced by the Italian schools of the time.

Titian was a prolific artist, and painted portraits of many important figures. His greatest works are the heavenly portraits of King Francis II and Philip II. He also painted several mythological scenes for Philip II. In one of them, Bacchus, the king of the gods, fell in love with the goddess Ariadne. Afterward, Ariadne is abandoned by her lover Theseus and is hurled into heaven. Several other works of Titian's are copies of older masterpieces by other artists.

While in Italy, Titian worked primarily in the court of Phillip II, where he worked on portraits and other works for the monarch. He was highly critical and criticized his paintings. He often kept paintings in his studio for years before releasing them. He was always striving to improve his work and to create masterpieces. In his late 1550s, he developed a new style of painting, in which he used his brush more freely and produced less accurate representations of reality.

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